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Language Structures # 4 – What is a Preposition?

What is a Preposition?


A preposition is a word which tells where something is in relation to something else (where are they);it indicates time, position or direction and shows the relationship between one thin and another.

It is placed before a noun or a pronoun. It shows the relationships between nouns and pronouns in the same sentence and acts like a conjunction

Time preposition: during the show, at midday, on Wednesday 13th

Example: Sam was asked to go home at lunchtime

Position prepositions: down, by, in front of, inside, at the top, in a rusty old box

Example: The dirty old man put his food in a rusty old box

Direction preposition: right, left, southwards, west, east, out of, it went, over the fence.

Example: We will travel to the south of England

Other examples of  Prepositions  include:

 at, over, by, with, up, down, around, on, beyond, about, above, across, around, after, against, along, among, amongst, amid, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beside, down, during, for, from, in, into, near, of, off, on, over, round, since, through, till, to wards, under, underneath, until, unto, up, upon, with, within,


  1. They will go down the road soon.
  2. The birds are flying behind the clouds.
  3. She lives near the office.
  4. You can find money under the bed.
  5. Below the surface of the water lives many sea creatures.

Source:  Talking Partners ESL Book