Language Structures # 3 – What is a Noun?

What is a Noun?

NounsA noun is the name of any person, place, or thing.A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place or organizations and begins with a capital letter. Mr Smith, Joe, Amanda, Nigeria, British GasAn improper noun refers to a thing or object and does not begin with a capital letter e.g.
  • Animal names: cow, pig, sheep, horse, chicken, duck, monkey, lion elephant, crocodile, dog, snake, hippopotamus
  • Body part names: hair, mouth, nose, eyes, teeth, feet, toes, fingers,ears
  • Objects names: table, chair, comb, oil, box, house, mosque, station, vehicle names, car, bus, train etc
Many nouns are countable, they are singular when one in number and plural when more than one.
SingularPlural
ChildChildren
KnifeKnives
PotPots
LeafLeaves
FatherFathers
TomatoTomatoes
SisterSisters
Passer- byPassers-by
WomanWomen
Some nouns are mass and do not have plural forms e.g. fruit, food, moneySome nouns have no singular e.g. trousers, tweezers, scissors, thanks Example:
  1. The child is going to school. (singular)
  2. The fathers are going out to eat pizza. (plural)
  3. The woman hides her bag from the robber. (singular)
  4. The tomatoes are growing so fast in her garden. (plural)

Source:  Talking Partners ESL Book